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Weekly News, Analysis, and Commentary

Processed Foods Bad for the Bones; Traditional Back Pain Red Flags Not Predictive; Mom’s Low Vitamin D = Kyphosis Risk in Offspring

Source: Wikimedia commons and lukeb20161933

Study says overdosing on food with Advanced Glycation End Products (AGEs) negatively impacts bone quality. Traditional ‘red flags’ not so predictive of serious pathology as previously thought, says work from HSS and Emory. And low vitamin D in mothers could mean elevated kyphosis risk for offspring.

Pediatric Osteoporosis Linked to Anti-Inflammatory Meds?; Tool Identifies Risk for Dislocations After THA; Do Higher Volume Hospitals=Better Value in Hip, Knee Revision?

Left: Young mice, before puberty (2 weeks old), have many nestin-positive (green) mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) in the primary spongiosa to maintain or build bone mass during bone elongation initiated by the growth plate above. Right: Mice treated with the glucocorticoid prednisolone are missing that population of cells, contributing to the development of osteoporosis. The nuclei of cells are shown in blue. / Courtesy of Mei Wan, Ph.D.

Long-term glucocorticoid therapy dangerous for adolescent bone health. Which THA patients may be at higher risk for an implant dislocation? Researchers at NYU Langone Health have some thoughts. And Rush researchers find that low volume hospitals had a higher mean hospital-specific charges for hip, knee revision.


Cervical Fractures Jump 35% in Five Years! Why?

Source: Wikimedia Commons and Biclighter

New study data has found that between 2000 and 2015 the incidence of cervical fractures has jumped 35%. Why? The answer is a 300% increase in cycling related injuries. This study was recently presented at the annual meeting of the Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. An increase in cycling has caused a major jump in cervical fractures.


Linking the Mechanics of HA to Knee Cartilage Biology

Lawrence Bonassar, Ph.D. / Courtesy of Cornell University

A new, important study out of Dr. Lawrence Bonassar’s lab at Cornell University has quantified the link between Hyaluronic Acid’s (HA’s) lubrication function and the complex biologic processes operating on the arthritic knee. For any physician using HA, this is a must-read study.


Geriatric High-Energy Traumas Doubled in 10 Years?!; Is Arthroscopic Partial Meniscectomy Useless?; Surface Topography Helps With Body Image in AIS

Source: Pexels

Multicenter work finds an alarming rise in older folks experiencing high-energy trauma. Hopkins researchers find little/no use for arthroscopic partial meniscectomy. And we now have evidence of how surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis affects body shape and body image.