Bristol Researchers Take on Joint Infection Study
Biloine W. Young • Fri, June 16th, 2017
The University of Bristol, United Kingdom, has taken on the solving of a major medical mystery. The mystery is why do about 1% of patients getting a hip or knee joint replacement, develop a joint infection. Called a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) it often results in severe physical and emotional suffering. Treatment options include the removal of damaged or dead tissue; re-doing the joint replacement; removal of the joint; and amputation. Members of the public have been invited to participate in the study.
The trial's primary focus is on patient reported outcomes: pain, stiffness, and wellbeing in the long-term. The trial will also compare the cost-effectiveness, complications and re-infection rates among these surgical interventions. An interview study will explore patients’ and surgeons’ experiences, including their views about trial participation and randomization.
Researchers have recruited over 80 patients with periprosthetic joint infection of the hip, from 14 orthopedic hospitals in England and Wales and 6 hospitals in Sweden.
Ashley Blom, MBChB, MD, PhD, FRCS, FRCS (Tr&Orth), professor of orthopaedic surgery in the School of Clinical Sciences and Joint Head of the Musculoskeletal Research Unit, said: "Over 160,000 primary hip or knee replacements were carried out in England, Wales and Northern Ireland in 2016. About one person in 100 developed a bacterial infection at their new, artificial joint. Patients with infected joint replacements have described the experience as 'devastating' and 'associated with ‘unbearable suffering'. If untreated, these infections can result in severe pain, persistent dislocation or death.”
Blom added that patients tell him that pain, function and long-term wellbeing are what is most important to them and that these are more important outcomes than those measured in previous non-randomized studies. “We hope the results of the trial will benefit patients in the future,” he said.